In the case of R and D involving large companies with many shareholders, a shareholder representative should participate in the negotiations in order to defend their interests. This could be one of the majority shareholders or it could be a professional company hired for that purpose. 5. In contract law, the inclusion of a lower quality form of contract in a superior form of contract on the same subject. Thus, an oral agreement, which examines certain trade agreements, is transferred into the final written agreement on the same agreement; As a general rule, the terms of the verbal agreement cannot be enforced if they do not comply with the terms of the written agreement. See integration. This part of the agreement may cover everything related to the seller`s business, including, but not only, business authorization, contracts, personnel affairs, compliance, financial statements, liabilities and heritage securities. Intellectual property is also a critical issue, especially for technology companies. The practices of AMs in emerging countries are different from the most mature economies, although transaction management and valuation instruments (p.B. DCF, comparable) have a common basic methodology. In China, India or Brazil, for example, differences influence asset price formation and transaction structuring. Profitability expectations (for example. B a shorter horizon, no final value due to low visibility) and the discount risk must be properly adjusted.
 From the point of view of the AMs, the differences between emerging and more mature economies include: (i) a less developed ownership system, (ii) less reliable financial information, iii) cultural differences in negotiations and (iv) a higher degree of competition for the best objectives. A merger is an agreement that brings two existing companies together into a new entity. There are different types of mergers and also several reasons why companies enter into mergers. Mergers and acquisitions are often carried out in order to broaden the scope of a business, expand into new segments or gain market share. All of this is done to increase shareholder value. Often, during a merger, companies have a non-shop clause to prevent purchases or mergers by other companies. Factors determining the success of the negotiation of a merger agreement include: after due diligence is concluded, the parties may, depending on the structure of the transaction, develop a final agreement called a „merger agreement,“ „share purchase agreement“ or „Asset Agreement Purchase.“ These contracts generally have a length of 80 to 100 pages and focus on five key types of conditions: Structuring the sale of a company in financial difficulty is exceptionally difficult due to the handling of non-competition clauses, advisory agreements and good business goodwill in such transactions.