The terms of a CCA are negotiated between the defendant and the government. For example, the agreement could require the defendant to acknowledge wrongdoing, pay refunds, or take certain steps to prevent future wrongdoing. For example, a data protection authority could ask a company to fire executives responsible for misconduct, put in place a stronger compliance program, submit to an independent monitor to ensure good behavior, or all of that – and maybe even more. A Deferred Repression Agreement (DPA) is a mechanism for resolving proceedings against a company that is essentially an unofficial form of parole. Although generally used to solve criminal proceedings, civil enforcement authorities such as the SEC have begun to use it. Discussions on the possible implementation of a prosecution agreement in Canada began in February 2016. Prior to the CCA, Canada already had a „prosecutorial discretion“ that „allowed insulting companies to negotiate a non-criminal penalty for a misdemeanor.“  In June 2018, Canada adopted a CCA through provisions of the C-74 omnibus budget implementation act, which amended the penal code.   According to the Law Times, the data protection authority is changing the way Canadian courts prosecute economic crime, which involves a redress system in which offenders can escape conviction if they „cooperate with the Crown and the courts.“  The Times quoted Ottawa-based lawyer Patrick McCann as saying that the DPA would „align Canada with many other countries that have deferred policing agreements, including the United States, the United Kingdom and most other European countries.“  According to McCann, the data protection authority „deals with the injustice of the situation if you have a large company that has a senior rogue officer,“ who has committed a crime for which the entire company is held responsible.  McCann stated that the CCA was fair to investors in companies that were innocent of any wrongdoing.
 Since 1999, the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) has established guidelines for the continuation of economic organizations and businesses.  The U.S. Manual of America (USAM) of the DOJ allows for the review of non-prosecution or deferred prosecution of offences committed by companies due to collateral consequences and discusses oral arguments, deferred prosecution agreements and non-prosecution agreements in general.   According to U.S. criminal guidelines, prosecutions postponed in the past are not imputed to the criminal history of an accused if there is no conviction by a court and the accused is not guilty or is otherwise guilty. This contrasts with a deferred provision that generally involves such a finding or authorization.  Informative figures on criminal law agreements for the settlement of alleged corporate-related crimes can be an informative publication of the Law and Economics Center (LEC) of the George Mason University School of Law in 2015.